Despite modern feminist movements, the biggest problem women face today is educational inequality. While many countries have made progress in achieving gender equality, many people still hold the view that women are not worthy of equal educational opportunities as men. While geography and poverty are often to blame for these disparities, patriarchy perpetuates an outdated belief that women should be subordinate and men should wield power. Consequently, this system fuels other disparities along gender lines.
Although women have the right to vote in Pakistan, patriarchal local customs and powerful figures have effectively prevented many women from exercising their right to vote. Afghanistan recently introduced mandatory photo screening at polling stations, which makes voting more difficult for women in conservative areas that cover their faces in public. As a result, Amnesty International has launched campaigns for women’s equal participation in political processes and greater body autonomy. To date, women are still excluded from political participation in many countries.
In addition to these problems, women’s rights have been weakened in many countries, including Saudi Arabia. Although Saudi Arabia recently allowed women to drive, authorities continue to jail and persecute activists who advocate for equal rights for women. While these changes are welcome, they do not go far enough to guarantee women’s rights. There is a long way to go before these problems are addressed. Hopefully, a change of perspective will help us all move forward.